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Electric car use by country varies worldwide, as the adoption of plug-in electric vehicles is affected by consumer demand, market prices and government incentives. Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) are generally divided into all-electric or battery electric vehicles (BEVs), that run only on batteries, and plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), that combine battery power with internal combustion engines.
The popularity of electric vehicles has been expanding rapidly due to government subsidies, their increased range and lower battery costs, and environmental sensitivity. However, the stock of plug-in electric cars represented just about 1 out of every 250 motor vehicles on the world’s roads by December 2018.Global cumulative sales of highway-legal light-duty plug-in vehicles reached 2 million units at the end of 2016, 3 million in November 2017, and the 5 million milestone in December 2018. By the end of 2019 the stock of light-duty plug-in vehicles totaled about 7.5 million units. Sales of plug-in passenger cars achieved a 2.5% market share of new car sales in 2019, up from 2.1% in 2018, and 1.3% in 2017.
The PEV market is shifting towards fully electric battery vehicles. The global ratio between BEVs and PHEVs went from 56:44 in 2012, to 60:40 in 2015, and rose to 74:26 in 2019.As of December 2018, China had the largest stock of highway legal light-duty plug-ins with over 2 million domestically built passenger cars.
China also dominates in plug-in electric bus deployment, with its stock reaching 343,500 units in 2016 out of global stock of about 345,000 vehicles.
As of September 2018, the United States had one million plug-in cars, with California as the largest U.S. plug-in regional market with 537,208 plug-in cars sold up until December 2018.
More than one million light-duty passenger plug-ins had been registered in Europe through June 2018, with Norway as the leading country with over 384,000 units registered by the end of 2019.
Norway has the highest market penetration per capita in the world, and also has the world’s largest plug-in segment market share of new car sales, 55.9% in 2019. Since October, over 10% of all passenger cars on Norwegian roads were plug-ins. Amsterdam has the highest density of EV charging stations in the world.

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